Vercingetorix became king of a Gaulish nation in 52 BC, during the time of the growing Roman Empire. The Gaul king raised an army and allied with other tribes. He then took over all control of the combined armies of all Gaul. The aim was to overthrow the rule of the expanding Roman Empire.
Vercingetorix would lead Gaul's formidable revolt against Roman power for many years. After a bitter and bloody struggle, he was forced to surrender to the Romans. He had been defeated at the Battle of Alesia. He was taken back to Rome and imprisoned for five years.
The Gauls were to suffer a horrendous fate at the hands of their Roman conquerors. The Roman army, under Julius Caesar, would kill one in four of the entire population of Gaul because of their resistance. An estimated one million people - men, women and children were put to the sword.
In 46 BC, after five years of imprisonment, Vercingetorix was paraded through Rome as part of Caesar's triumph. At the end of the procession, Vercingetorix, the King of Gaul, was ritually and publicly executed before the Roman.population.