The Last Days of Thunder Child

The Last Days of Thunder Child
War of the Worlds - spin off adaptation novel.

Tuesday, 30 July 2013

Humans Colonising Mars

There seems to be a growing desire throughout the scientific world to venture forth with Mars. The dream of colonisation is very real and now in the foreseeable future according to some scientists. The above is an impression of what may come to pass.
Below is a very real obstacle that we will face when or if we do colonise Mars. How might the human body change within the Martian environment. There will be all sorts of problems to overcome and anatomical development in biology will need to be looked at too.

Dying CIA man speaks of UFOs

This is a dying Secret Service veteran's story of his younger days working for the CIA. He tells a very compelling tale about top security disagreements within the American security service concerning UFOs and Extra-Terrestrial beings at Roswell, Area 51.

Thursday, 25 July 2013

UK Economy Edges Away from Recession Zone.

This is great news about the UK slowly edging its way into economic growth. It is not grand and is only 0.6% for the quarter. However it was 0.3% last quarter, so we have had to quarters of minute growth. If the nation can keep plugging away at this; we will have a brighter outlook, but only if we can maintain the growth. Gradually we are clawing our way out of the recession zone.

Wednesday, 24 July 2013

The Skies the Limit? No its not! Apollo Eleven Put that one to Bed.

The sky is certainly not the limit when we know and have seen such things as a footprint on the moon. The saying can be put to bed now, because we want more than the confines of our sky. The saying was blown away in 1969 and one of my memories is of the return splash down being covered on live t.v. We had a black and white television with dodgy vertical hold, so that it kept jumping. I was eight and could not correct it and began to throw a hissy fit. The dog went under the table with its tail between his legs and the living room door opened with my Mum standing there in her rollers and a grim look. I got a clip around the ear for my tantrum, but she corrected the t.v. for me. I watched the splash down in peace after that.
I can remember the excitement of the Apollo eleven crew and felt sorry for Michael Collins (centre). He never got to land on the Moon but had to orbit while Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin got to walk on the lunar surface.
The Sky can never be the limit now that there are footsteps on the moon.



Human Travel To Mars

More and more, people are looking at the notion of a manned expedition to Mars. Different scientific teams from all over the world are looking to Mars in the hope of finding evidence of past alien life. The concept of ship design to make the journey and the ideas of return continue to be thought about. It will not be long before someone take on the quest.

Tuesday, 23 July 2013

George Galloway vs the Biased T.V. Network with Pre-conceived Agenda

I don't always agree with George Galloway, but I can't help but respect him. He stands his ground upon issues he believes in and silly interviewers, with pre-conceived agendas to discredit him, are chewed up and spat out with the contempt they deserve.
The Lady guest questioner from Scotland is prepared by a very biased t.v. network to discredit George Galloway. She tries to attack him by saying he is a loose canon.
This is what happens when you don't follow the political classes and try to be honest and expose bad foreign policies. The media tries to discredit anyone with cheap shots.
However, George Galloway readily turns the tables and his later election results proved how farcical these little drones, who tried to discredit him, were during an attempted pre-set interview. 

Sunday, 21 July 2013

Pheonix Jones Superhero vs 'The Men in White Coats'

This takes some nerve. Pheonix Jones - the American superhero talks of youngsters not doing dangerous things to stop crime. He walks around like a magnet attracting any petty yobo around. He's certainly got some neck to stroll around dressed like this. His arch enemies are men in white coats who would like to put him in a room with padded walls.

Friday, 19 July 2013

My Favorite Year 1979

I did not realise how time flew by until an old friend gave me some photos from 1979 and 1980. It seems like yesterday, but it was thirty four years ago. I'm flabbergasted at the way I've changed. Great memories from days gone by.

Monday, 15 July 2013

UK Welfare Benifit Cap

I think a cap of £500 a week on welfare benefit is still too big. There must be a lot of people who would look at claiming £500 a week and be too worried about going to work. Imagine being on a low wage and earning £250 after stoppages and being charged for NHS services that you get taken from your wages by National Insurance. You have to pay twice if you earn minimum wage, yet someone claiming gets everything on NHS like dental and doctor prescriptions free. The situation has got out of hand, though I do believe unemployed people should have a right to welfare benefit. It is just too high a cap and the many jobs of low to minimum wage make people worse off.

Sunday, 14 July 2013

UFO Files - Black Box Secrets - Pilots & Astronauts Sightings

Lots of wacky sightings of UFOs from professional people with high profile Air Force jobs are reporting strange sightings that are being covered up.  

USAF Officers Give Evidence on UFO Sightings

UFO sighting of USAF officers. I do find it a struggle to think these men are making it up. I'm sceptical and believe there can be logical mistakes, but there seem to be so many. These men are high ranking intelligent men. Why would they make such a thing up? Why would they not search for a logical explanation? They seem to be very rational men to hold positions of such responsibility. All this is very creepy, compelling and baffling.

Friday, 12 July 2013

Alan Whicker Passes Away Age 87

All of the little, yet wonderful, memories of my growing up years are being chipped away at. It was with sadness that I learned of journalist Alan Whicker's passing away at the age of 87. They say you never see the change from day to day and this is correct. Its only when hearing of Alan Whicker's passing away that I realised; I could not remember when Whicker's World stopped broadcasting. 

In the sixties and the seventies I can remember this tv show that was brought to us by Alan Whicker. I remember people imitating his voice and the canned laughter. It was part of that television era - part of my Retro Brit memories.

Thursday, 11 July 2013

OMGJP - Check out his Gaming YouTube Channel

Check out this great Gaming YouTube channel OMGJP. It is a must for all gaming enthusiasts:

"My name is Jesse Perreault and I am 19 years old. I enjoy playing video games and this channel was made for gaming videos, over time you will get to know me a bit more :)"

Catch Jesse Perreault on OMGJP YouTube
This is constantly updated so be there for the latest tips on popular gaming videos.

Wednesday, 10 July 2013

Search for Extra-terrestrial Life in UK

Britain is launching a new in depth search for alien life through out the cosmos. They are trying to scan for anything that signifies life and are using countless ways of monitoring such things. There are various links to follow. This will give a good idea of how the searchers will go about their task.


Tuesday, 9 July 2013

David Cameron 'profoundly disagrees' with ECHR Ruling

Once again the ECHR seems to want to override the British Judicial system. I sometimes think this fiscal union that we never voted for is steam rolling ahead too fast and we Brits can’t go along this route. No matter how well intentioned the, un-elected, EU means to be; at the end of the day it is not. This is wrong the whole decision is wrong. We need to vote in a political party that can change this – one that can bring us away from this terrible and unwanted union altogether. 

I hope and pray that we can keep this UKIP political drive on course. We can't trust the political classes of this nation anymore. They are making the correct disgruntled sounds but they are searching for a way to sell us out. We must put our faith in UKIP.

Space Exploration for All

Space exploration for all of us. Even the most humble across the world. You could be a farmer, a milkman, a care worker or a housewife, even unemployed. Take a look at Personal Spacecraft and feel enlightened. The world is getting smaller and people from across the planet are compelled to the new ideas of space exploration. Undertakings like this are becoming more attractive and they will develop because there are literally thousands of these tiny spacecraft projects getting ready to go. They even plan to send miniature CubeSats to the moon and you could invest in such projects.

Pocket Spacecraft - Mission to the Moon

This advert speaks for itself and so I thought I would give it a well deserved plug. Look at this exciting project that anyone can interact with. Dip your toe into the vast ocean of space.

The Boundries are Limitless

We are beginning to branch of in all sorts of exciting directions with space exploration involving a multitude of projects. Soon these things will be open to more and more people with new ideas. There seems to be endless new boundaries to overcome, yet the prospect excites us. I believe it is in our instinct to go to the stars.

Soon everyday people from all sorts of mundane backgrounds will be involved with space. Not just people of universities. There will become new and increased needs for all sorts of workers. The sliding window is only ajar but slowly it get wider and more people will want to pass through the window of opportunity in the near future.

Monday, 8 July 2013

Chris Isaak - Lie to Me - Song

I think this Chris Isaak track is splendid, so I've pasted it here from YouTube. So I can access it when I want and so can you...   :)

Mars and the Hellas Basin Theory Jumps the Gun

Scientists and Theorists will not give up on the Martian question. Many cling to the notion that Mars might be a dead planet that once sustained life. Gradually, ideas are eliminated only to be replaced by new ones. The optimism that Mars once sustained life remains. Many explorations and experiments are waiting to be conducted. Unmanned space craft have been sent and more will follow to scratch the surface and find evidence that might support the notion that our Red Planet once harboured, carbon based, organic cells. We have the robot jeep Discovery project carrying out surface tests and soon ExoMars will launch two missions. One via satellite and another robotic jeep like the Discovery will land on the surface. This will be done by the ESA (European Space Agency) with help and support from the Russian Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Observersof the Red Planet are continuously puzzled by many of the rock formations. Geologists often question the possibility that once water might have been there. Why did it all end if the planet was once on the journey to evolve carbon based life forms? 

Perhaps a violent ecological disaster might be the reason for the sterile landscape that teases the observers. Some theorists have tried to peddle the idea that Mars was hit by a huge asteroid over a thousand miles in width and this created the Hellas Basin. Before the planet could recover more asteroids hit the surface denying Mars any chance of the healing process being able to kick in. Somehow, the magnetic field stopped working and water could no longer be contained and left the planet. This all sounds far-fetched and fanciful. Many scientists understandably laugh at the notion.

If Mars did once have life, the reason for it becoming extinct would be a new undertaking of discovery. Then new ideas will need to be looked at, but wild speculation like the Hellas Basin concept is often like running before we can learn to walk and looked down upon by most geologists. After all, we are not sure still, if Mars has ever had life in the first place. Inventing ideas as to why it is no longer present, is jumping the gun. 

Brit Alien Busters Want to do Intensive Search through Galaxy.

A group of British scientific researchers want to invest a substantial amount of money spying on the universe for alien lifeforms. They want to become super snoopers and 11 universities throughout Britain want to help do the secretive monitoring - a sort of Bletchley Park for aliens. Who knows; they might find secret Nazis on the dark side of the moon.

The group of collective researchers for Extraterrestrial life feel certain they can blow the myth of aliens out of the water with positive results in a few years. They might open Pandora's box and let these aliens know we are here. What if humans are a delicacy for a group of obsessive self indulgent aliens and they look upon us as very tasty sheep or chickens?

On a more serious note, I think it would be something we need to know, but perhaps we should be a tad cautious about gate crashing some alien party. It might be best to let them not know we are watching them; if we have the ability to do so.

Europe and the UK Political Classes' 'Big Nothing.'

Sir John Major - the former UK Prime Minister was regarded as pro-European. He now accepts that the UK must have a referendum on EU continued membership. He makes a point about being cordial and polite with other member states and speaks, I think, from the point of view that the UK referendum will bring about the UK remaining in the EU with returned powers and vote winning concessions. 

Hooray! Little rabbits in green fields, a beautiful blue sky and a rainbow, in fluffy bunny land - NOT!

I can understand that he wants our ministers to talk politely with all EU states. He talks about gaining understanding. This is admirable and correct, but it is also the way we get patronised by our political classes before they feed us the usual 'big nothing' and this stinks to high Hell. 

Europe will be cordial and polite and try to offer minuscule concessions that will be reclaimed at a later date - slowly, slowly, catch a monkey. Both these quibblers (EU and UK) might be talking along lines that don't mean anything to the anti-EU voters. The one thing John Major did get right; is that this is a huge gamble. He means for the pro-EU Brits.

Mass uncontrolled migration - irresponsible, cruel, inconsiderate, migration is the one reason why UKIP may win enough votes to carry its argument on Britain withdrawing from the EU. No one is allowed to voice this too strongly for fear of being called racist, for fear of being ostracised by left wing apologists. I don't think it will matter what the UK and EU negotiators thrash out. Its like two arrogant teachers squabbling over whether to make the class learn  Biology or Geography. The class is fed up and wants to go home and they don't care about the subjects on offer. Teachers that teach but refuse to learn are useless and school is boring. The voters may want to leave and find their way because all UK political parties are oblivious to the real problem with the exception of untested UKIP.

However, there remains 60 million voters that know these problems. Some are happy with the mass migration, while a great many are not. Perhaps the majority of this electorate will not vote from the point of view that John Major and many of the political classes are negotiating on. Many of the British electorate feel betrayed by the political classes in the UK. Whatever concessions the political classes claim to win may not matter. I honestly think that this John Major speech does nothing for the 'UK remaining in the EU' argument. I don't think the electorate are hostile to the new EU policing laws or the industrial laws. They are just concerned about mass migration that they have no control over.

If someone wants their house clean and tidy and they are restrained from doing this, its no good offering them a dog biscuit or a set of golf clubs. No one is interested in these little gifts - they mean nothing. I don't think the pro-EU Brits will be able to sell this reclaimed powers thing in a referendum. A large portion of British people are are fed up with  mass uncontrolled migration into the UK from Eastern Europe and other countries. At the end of the day UKIP will argue against minuscule gains if the government tries to renegotiate the UK's relationship with Europe. UKIP can show the 'big nothing' for what it is, and still present the problem of mass uncontrolled and irresponsible migration to the British electorate. A multitude of angry voters who will only see this one huge irresponsible past undertaking of their deeply distrusted political classes, talking the usual patronising - 'big nothing.'  

Sunday, 7 July 2013

Robots Will Become House Hold Appliances

On YouTube there are examples of advanced prototype humanoid robots that can walk about and have perfect balance. One was an Asimo Honda model that had perfect coordination and balance. Its movement was very fluid and it could side step as well. Then another model appeared at a conference show. It was made by Kawanda and was taller and leaner looking than the Asimo model. I could not believe how advanced these Robots were and how well they moved. The Kawanda model began posing upon the stage as though it was at a Mr Universe contest, showing various arm movements then stretching out its arms, standing on one leg with perfect balance. It was incredible.

Robotic engineering is increasing at mind boggling rates. How long before we have such things as domestic appliances? How quickly will the new upgrades start coming out as we quickly replace them the way we do mobile phones or computer tablets?

I can imagine them with their own mobile phone systems. You'll ring home and it will answer. You'll tell it what you want for dinner and it would have done all the chores. We will become lazy. They might have agricultural ones ploughingfields and picking crops. Where will it stop and what will we do? Devote ourselves to scientific or artistic past times? Yes everything sounds Hunky Dory or will it be?

Even out in Space they could be used. We were talking about mining asteroids and using them as vehicles in space or extracting minerals from them. Rather than use astronauts in such a hazardous enterprise, how about robots? We could reduce the risk and it all seems very probable that this type of solution will be used.

Again, robotics makes the possibility of many tasks we perform even more remote. The benefits of such machines could be tremendous. The amount of unemployed looks even worse however. A vast amount of the population will need to be motivated or we could all drift into a state of apathy.

When I watched part of the Robotic display I found it exciting and also potentially scary. I was not afraid of the actual machines, but more by what their integration will do to mass population employment. All the science fiction notions of machines doing the work become frighteningly more plausible. Multi millions of these machines will become common domestic appliances like a hover or washing machine. Every household will have one. I sincerely believe this will happen and possibly in my lifetime. I think if we do not adjust ourselves to the potential pit falls, we could ruin our society for some considerable time.

I have an image of me driving along the motor way with these humanoid things litter picking. They might be used by councils for waste disposal in town centres or be traffic wardens. The potential is limitless and the mass of people becoming unemployed is even more ominous. Sometimes technology advances at a pace we can’t keep up with. I was truly shocked by how advanced these humanoid robots could move.

Out on the fringe of society these robots would be great; like mining or space exploration in hazardous areas. This I see as positive, but that trend of domestic reliability is the one that makes me wobble. The manufacturers need to get them into domestic reliability to create a popular demand and enable them to lower costs of mass purchasing these robots. However, if lots of people are unemployed how will the economics for upgraded models come about?

We are going to have to radically change our society to motivate large sections of our population because we might struggle to adapt quick enough.

Wednesday, 3 July 2013

In Virtual worlds we Bring the Universe to us.

Virtual Worlds While Exploring the Real Universe.

As Carbon life forms we can’t live in the vast majority of places in the real universe. Most planets will be hostile to our carbon body vehicles. We need to create artificial environments to aid us.

One day, all necessary alterations might be done for an advanced virtual world where we could live - perhaps via a cryogenic chamber or some other scientific or biological way. We could overcome many problems concerning light speed, uninhabitable planets, and be set along a new course.  You will also be learning of the real universe from the Cryogenic or other type of stasis chamber in which you are mentally plugged in to and functioning in a virtual world.

Maybe such cryogenic chambers are aboard space stations wandering into the universe. Time is slowed down, in the cryogenic chamber, enabling your life span to fit into a bigger real time period (one virtual lifetime into one thousand years real Earth universe time.) If a star with a carbon habitable planet did exist but was say, a hundred light years away; how could we, in carbon life form get there? How could we in carbon life form wait 200 years for a probe at light speed to return with such information? Cryogenic chambers in storage, away from the real hazards of our carbon world, could be an answer.

If we lived in Virtual worlds, could we slow time down? Imagine a Carbon body – your own, cryogenically frozen and then stored somewhere safe. Then imagine space probes – hundreds perhaps thousands – going out into our universe. They could bring back topography of planets, moons, asteroids and then they could be Terra formed for the virtual world you live in from a cryogenic chamber – a little like the Matrix movie, though not with the ominous angle.  From an Eco-point of view in the real universe these places are not polluted or contaminated by us – they have just been scanned.

You could be in this virtual realm, that you know to be, and the information brought to you from exploring probes would be used and assimilated into realms where you might want to live. (A progressive library of worlds constantly updated) You could own a castle or a mansion on an asteroid floating around an uninhabitable gas giant. There might be a huge water fall flowing from such a celestial platform down into the gas giant just because you wanted one from your duplication. This realm is yours, but the probe in the real universe has gathered the information – or topography for you to work on, such to your own requirements. You could have blue sky, fine weather – it’s your realm. You could have social realms or academies were you would need to interact with people. You would just walk through a link or port hole from your asteroid castle realm, into a design for social gathering.

Our virtual world would have a slow time setting and we would function harmoniously within this new time frame. Outside, in the real universe, everything would fast forwarding like the speed version on a video. From outside looking in, we would be seen as hardly moving. Like staring at the hour hand of a watch as it revolve full cycle.

For instance: One virtual day, lived in the virtual world, would be 50 years in the real universe. Our probe in the real universe is halfway towards its destination in one day of our virtual life. The star, our probe is to explore, is 100 light years distance. Upon the second day our probe is at the destination of intended planet exploration. Wow, we may even have virtual life forms on the probe and supervise the exploration. Within two virtual days we are there. The exploration could take many years in the real universe, say ten years. That is not even a virtual day. Then two virtual days coming back and 210 years in real time is less than a week in our virtual world.

Of all the various worlds and star systems explored, we finally have found a place that has an atmosphere like our own. Carbon people can live there, but it is in the real universe, and time will be accelerated outside the virtual realm and we will spoil and contaminate it to carbon Earth needs. Would we want to leave our virtual worlds when we can just watch, scan, recreate from our sanctuary of virtual chambers? A carbon habitable world might not hold the lure anymore because we would have adapted beyond such needs.

Tuesday, 2 July 2013

The Problem with Cryogenics.

Cryogenics can be very useful to us in the future if the defrosting can be mastered to bring a human out of deep freeze intact. Obviously, it is much easier said and imagined in theory. It is of course, illegal to freeze a living person and cryonics means living and frozen. There are people with terminal diseases who have volunteered to be frozen, but even these are technically dead when the process starts. A terminal patient dies in as much as the heart monitor goes dead, but the neurological part may not have yet shut down. Therefore the subject is not brain dead.

This when our Cryogenic scientists spring into action and anyone who imagines a group of having go mercenaries might be forgiven. The technically dead people are wrapped and quickly rushed off by a team of scientists who are discovering as they go. The body enters a cryogenic chamber and is nothing more than a specimen lab rat that previously hoped for the best and is perhaps – still hoping.

Ice can preserve, while a body remains frozen. It can even stop ageing, but defrosting back to life is a whole new challenge. We freeze embryos and have been able to produce life from them after defrosting and placing into a uterus, but multiple celled creatures like human beings cause great problems for cryogenic scientists, who search for ways of prolonging life and bringing someone out of cryogenic freezing intact.

The fact that no human has been successfully brought out of cryogenic freezing intact is not too encouraging either, but this does not mean it can’t be done one day. We know some amphibious life has come out of frozen stasis because these creatures have a protein in their cells that activate in cold temperatures. This acts like antifreeze which protects the cells when thawing. It stops crystallization.   

When you see a minute magnified ice crystal under a microscope; imagine it in a human cell - a minute sack with a membrane wall. The little sharp stalagmite edges would rupture such membranes. Imagine if it is what happens inside every human cell when frozen. Perhaps the best way to explain the damage is to visualize a gigantic model of a body as tall as a building. The wall and internal organs have been made out of bubble wrap. Each bubble of all these millions upon millions of bubbles gets filled with liquid. We see this epidermis of bubble wrap in the shape of a giant person. Then we freeze it. All the liquid inside each bubble becomes sharp crystal stalactites and stalagmites it also expands inside each bubble. The plastic of each bubble’s wall would puncture and when the model cooled down all the liquid would run out of the bubble wrap
Such ice crystals would puncture our cell walls and as we defrost our cell structures can't contain water and we turn to mush. That is why we can't defrost frozen people. Cryogenic scientists still live in hope and nanotechnology combined with stem cell research offer potential methods of overcoming the problem of cell crystallisation. Some biotech researchers are boldly speculating that we may defrost a cryogenically frozen patient by 2045. It is rather rash, perhaps, but we have speculated about things in the past that have come to be.

If the secrets of successful cryogenics can be mastered, transhumanism begins to gain more ground in the quest for human flawlessness.

CubeSat Launch Initiative (CSLI.)

CubeSat Launch Initiative (CSLI.)

There are small remote controlled research spacecraft known as CubeSats. They are nano-satellites. These little cube-shaped outposts get released into orbit and are no more than half the size of a shoe box. This is a U-1 CubeSat but they can be clipped together. Two or three together may contain more monitoring and com links. Thus we get U-2 or U-3, depending on how many are clipped together.

Multiple CubeSats are stored in a large container that is attached to the main launch vehicle when it goes into space. This holder acts like a giant candy tin called a Nanosatellite Launch Adaptor System (NLAS.) When it opens, one can imagine these small CubeSats being released like sweets from a tube. They float out over the stratosphere or where ever else the project owner might wish them to go.

CubeSats have been used to patrol around space stations or satellites. They search for malfunctions or other damage. They can gently breeze the length of solar panels and check all is well, even report minor irregularities that can be tackled promptly, in case a fault becomes more substantial.

Now NASA has a programme called CubeSat Launch Initiative (CSLI.) This innovative idea allows free thinking projects within CubeSats. These projects are independent but hitch a ride, into space, upon a NASA rocket launch. A room for passengers appeal where space exploration is concerned.

Once in space, the NLAS releases its CubeSat passengers out and into orbit. Off they go on their own little adventures, leaving the NASA magic bus to do its own thing, while the little CubeSat goes about its self-indulgent quest for knowledge, in a field of its owner’s choosing. It might take photographs of Earth to study weather conditions, scan space for asteroids, survey the moon, Mars, Venus, or watch material test samples in a space vacuum. There are all sorts of things. These little undertakings can be controlled from a university classroom by students on Earth.

For a university to win the prized chance of controlling a CubeSat, they have to pass stringent tests via NASA monitors who judge each project for viability. The agency gets to filter the financially lucrative bidders for the choice of those most useful on the knowledge acquisition front. This is because NASA will have access to all information gathered before the reports go down to the students in control of the CubeSat project.

There are many CubeSats in orbit already and a growing number of projects waiting in line. NASA will be paid for getting this free information as a transport provider for independent CubeSats, which are just paying passengers on the main launch project.

Everyone wins when this experimental information starts to come in. The CubeSat can costbetween $65,000 and $80,000. If there is a launch that can carry four or five CubeSats, NASA gets a little of the cost back towards the main mission and a potential amount of updated and free information. It also insures that they have growing and enthusiastic candidates for future space exploration technology.

These delightful little parasitical space craft will develop over the decades and all launches might be able to lower funding costs by accommodating CubeSat projects. NASA may find ways to lower costs of building launch projects too, especially developing re-usable craft like the Orion MPCV. Every time an Orion launch goes up it will have CubeSat minor projects paying for a lift. Depending on how manyCubeSat projects at $65,000 + it can get aboard; could re-launchable MPCV claw back substantial finances against original costs of building main launch projects in the future.

Imagine the return in the shape of these four inch cubes. Not to forget long term and constant free information updates. NASA has stumbled upon a large number of independent projects lining up to be selected and waiting to hand over their money to get a CubeSat into space.
How long before large muti-corporate organisations offer large sums of money for their own space exploration tests, lowering the cost on the US taxpayer? Space exploration will cast away all national industry commitment and begin to pay for itself. Privatisation, once again, paves the way.